German tenses & moods
The German language has six basic verb tenses. Two are what is called simple verb tenses that are made up of a verb or the root: present tense and simple past tense. The other four verb tenses are: future, present perfect, past perfect tense, and future perfect, which are considered to be compound. This means they need a helping verb and an infinitive or past particle to make them.
When it comes to voices, the German language has two: active and passive and each one has a form of it that is parallel to the six verb tenses. Plus the German language has what is called moods: indicative, subjunctive, and imperative. Moods are used to show the attitude of the speaker.
When it comes to learning these parts of the German language, it's best for the beginner to start out with learning the auxiliary type of verbs such as sein or haben. These are vital for you to learn so that you can use the various tenses. Beginners don't need to concentrate on every tense and mood at first; just starts with the more commonly used ones and go from there. It's best to learn the forms of present, present perfect, future and simple past first, and pay attention to how they operate so that you can learn the more complex ones later on.
|Simple past||easy||(20 exercises)|
|Present tense||easy||(22 exercises)|
|Future tense||very easy||(11 exercises)|
|Present perfect||easy||(25 exercises)|
|Past perfect||easy||(19 exercises)|
|Future perfect||very easy||(13 exercises)|
|Infinitive||very easy||(22 exercises)|
|Subjunctive I||easy||(19 exercises)|
|Subjunctive II||easy||(26 exercises)|
|Perfect with sein||very easy||(19 exercises)|
|Perfect with haben||very easy||(15 exercises)|
|Past participle||easy||(18 exercises)|