German past participle

There are three ways to form the past participle in German:

1) For "weak" (regular) verbs add ge- as a prefix and -t as the suffix. Examples: lieben (to love) --> geliebt , kochen (to cook)--> gekocht.

2) For strong verbs, add ge- as a prefix and -en as the suffix. Examples: fahren (to drive) --> gefahren , trinken (to drink) --> getrunken.

3) Irregular verbs will maintain the ge-prefix but the stem of the verb may be altered. In addition, a ge- prefix is not necessary when the first syllable of the verb is unstressed. For example, verschlafen (to oversleep) does not need the ge- prefix because it's first syllable "ver" is unstressed.

Exercises

1.) gehen = , sehen = , geben =

2.) kommen = , lassen = , finden =

3.) denken = , essen = , fahren =

4.) sprechen = , spielen = , trinken =

5.) hören = , kaufen = , lieben =

6.) fliegen = , fragen = , helfen =

7.) sein = , haben = , werden =

8.) bleiben = , nehmen = , bringen =

9.) öffnen = , probieren = , regnen =

10.) schreiben = , schlafen = , schmeckt =

11.) mögen = , wissen = , machen =

12.) bekommen = , bestellen = , besuchen =

13.) sollen = , heißen = , sagen =

14.) setzen = , singen = , suchen =

15.) antworten = , arbeiten = , beginnen =

16.) können = , müssen = , wollen =

17.) verstehen = , vergessen = , zeigen =