German past participle

There are three ways to form the past participle in German:

1) For "weak" (regular) verbs add ge- as a prefix and -t as the suffix. Examples: lieben (to love) --> geliebt , kochen (to cook)--> gekocht.

2) For strong verbs, add ge- as a prefix and -en as the suffix. Examples: fahren (to drive) --> gefahren , trinken (to drink) --> getrunken.

3) Irregular verbs will maintain the ge-prefix but the stem of the verb may be altered. In addition, a ge- prefix is not necessary when the first syllable of the verb is unstressed. For example, verschlafen (to oversleep) does not need the ge- prefix because it's first syllable "ver" is unstressed.

Exercises

1.) sein = , haben = , werden =

2.) können = , müssen = , wollen =

3.) mögen = , wissen = , machen =

4.) sollen = , heißen = , sagen =

5.) gehen = , sehen = , geben =

6.) kommen = , lassen = , finden =

7.) bleiben = , nehmen = , bringen =

8.) antworten = , arbeiten = , beginnen =

9.) bekommen = , bestellen = , besuchen =

10.) denken = , essen = , fahren =

11.) fliegen = , fragen = , helfen =

12.) hören = , kaufen = , lieben =

13.) öffnen = , probieren = , regnen =

14.) schreiben = , schlafen = , schmeckt =

15.) setzen = , singen = , suchen =

16.) sprechen = , spielen = , trinken =

17.) verstehen = , vergessen = , zeigen =