Like adjectives, pronouns change their form according to gender, case and quantity. The exercises below will help you learn and practice the different forms as well as types of pronouns used.
- Personal pronouns are Ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr and sie and are the equivalent of the English, I, you, he, she, it, we, you and they. These are used in the nominative form. They change form in the accusative and dative (in accusative it is mich, dich, ihn, ihr, uns, euch, ihnen and in dative the forms change to mir, dir, ihm, ihr, uns, euch, ihnen).
- The reflexive pronouns follow a reflexive verb, which is a verb that acts upon a subject (ich wasche mich - I wash myself).
- The interrogative pronouns are equivalent to the English question words, who, whom, what and which (wer, wen, wem, wessen, was, welcher).
- Relative pronouns indicate who, that or which and are expressed as der, die, das, wer, was or welcher.
- Indefinite pronouns are: all, ander (other), einig (one), etwas (some), Jed- (each), kein (no), nichts (nothing), man (one), and niemand (no one).
- Possessive pronouns (mine, yours, etc) are: mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, ihr and Ihr.
multiple choice exercise